• Category: EPEVER
  • 2227 views
  • No Comments

An Introduction to EPEVER UPOWER Series Inverter/Chargers

Inverters are employed to convert the DC power to AC power, providing the required voltage and frequency at the output. Inverters can be considered as power adapters. So they are considered as one of the important parts of a photovoltaic system, which supplies AC power for any appliance.

Charge controllers are also utilized to convert the solar energy from the panels to electricity, which is essential to charge the batteries in a PV system. Solar chargers get the electricity from the solar panels and control for everything, to make sure that the batteries are charged most efficiently and healthily.

Sometimes, the amount of energy absorbed by the solar panels is not enough to charge the battery for the proper operation of household appliances. Therefore, an additional source of energy is necessary to provide energy for the photovoltaic system. A hybrid charger/inverter puts the operation of an inverter and a charge controller together which is an all in one solution. However, this is not the only advantage of hybrid devices. In this article, we will get to know more about hybrid inverter/chargers and their advantages.

As mentioned, the inverter converts DC (battery) power into AC power and then passes it along to the appliances. An inverter/charger does the same; however, it is also capable of receiving the charge from external AC sources. When the input AC power is unavailable, a hybrid inverter/charge switches to battery mode. This is similar to Uninterrupted Power Suppliers (UPS) functions.

The UPOWER series of EPEVER is a new type of so-called inverter/chargers, combining the solar & utility/ external AC input and provide means for a more reliable solar off-grid system.

UPOWER, adopts a multi-core processor design and an advanced MPPT control algorithm to enhance the capabilities of the solar set. It has the features:

  • High response speed
  • High reliability and
  • High industrialization standard.

It offers four charging modes including:

  • Solar priority
  • Utility priority
  • Solar and
  • Utility & Solar

Two output modes for Battery and Utility enables this device to meet various application demands. The up-to-date optimized MPPT tracking technology is adopted for the PV charging modules. It can quickly track the maximum power point of the PV array in any environment and acquire the maximum energy of solar panels in real-time.

The advanced control algorithm is adopted for AC-DC charging modules. It realizes fully digitalized double closed-loop control for voltage and current, with high a high accuracy control system.

The input range of AC voltage is wide enough to cover different types of sources. The output DC charging voltage/current is continuously adjustable in a certain range, and the complete input/output protection functions can offer a stable and reliable charging profile and charging protection for the batteries. This feature will lead to high charging conversion efficiency, which is more than 98% in all types of EPEVER UPOWER series. Besides, the power loss is minimized by the efficient AC-DC conversion. The DC-AC module is based on full digital and intelligent design. It adopts the advanced SPWM technology, resulting in a pure sine wave output and converts 24/48VDC to 220/230VAC, suitable for AC loads of household appliances, electric tools, commercial units, electronic audio, and video devices, etc.

The product adopts a 4.2-inch LCD display design, which displays real-time operational data and parameters. Comprehensive electronic protection functions ensure the highest level of safety and stability.

Figure 1- EPEVER UPowe Series Inverter/Charger

Features of EPEVER UPOWER Series Inverter/Charger

In this section, we will introduce the features of UPOWER series, which make them a proper choice for cold and cloudy climate conditions. Such places suffer from lack of a clear sky or sunny days, so for home appliances, which need solar power to work, an additional power source is necessary. UPOWER series benefit from the additional power sources, which can be an AC utility or power generator. The prominent feature of the UPOWER series is to combine the external AC power with solar power to enhance the reliability of the system. In places with higher rates of cloudy sky, it’s not efficient enough to use the external generator all the time in terms of cost and maintenance. This ensures efficient use of the solar system while reducing the run time and costs of external power sources. Cold and cloudy climate conditions restrict the application of solar energy in noticeable parts of the year, so the external AC power source or electrical generator provides energy for the household appliances when the amount of solar energy is not enough for the proper performance of the appliances.

Some of the main features of EPEVER UPOWER Series Inverter/Chargers are highlighted here which implies the priorities of these inverter/chargers over conventional ones:

  • Adoption of the advanced SPWM technology, with pure sine wave output.
  • Fully digitalized voltage and current double closed-loop control.
  • Advanced MPPT technology, with efficiency no less than 99.5%.
  • Advanced control algorithm, with efficiency no less than 98%.
  • LCD design that enables the realtime display of system operating status.
  • Provided with common interface and advanced interface.
  • Multiple LED indicators instantly indicate the operating state of the system.
  • 2P circuit breaker provided at the utility input end.
  • Independent control of AC output by AC OUT button.
  • Battery temperature compensation function.
  • Extensive Electronic protection.

Structure of the EPEVER UPOWER Series Inverter/Charger

In this section, the structure of UPOWER series inverter/chargers and their various ports and terminals will be discussed to help the proper operation and wiring of solar systems.

u

Ventilation

{

Relay interface

v

Captive screw (2 pcs)

|

Remote interface

w

AC output terminals

}

Inverter/charger switch

x

Utility input terminals

~

PV input terminals

y

Battery input terminals

Terminals cover

z

RTS★ interface

 

1- Ventilation: UPOWER adapts a smart temperature controlled cooling fan, helping the system to remain in a reasonable temperature range. However, external ventilation is highly recommended if the device is mounted in an enclosure. Thus, it should never be installed in an enclosure with flooded batteries! Battery fumes from vented batteries will corrode and destroy the inverter/charger circuits.

2- Captive screws: It helps to open the enclosure to get access to the main interface of its PCB.

3- AC output terminals: The protected AC outputs of the device. The protections are: Utility input overvoltage and Utility input under-voltage

4- Utility input terminals, which are protected.

5- Battery input terminals: which are protected against Battery overvoltage and battery over-discharge

6- RTS interface remote temperature sensor enables the system to activate the protection mode against battery overheating.

7- Relay interface: Smart relay interface, which switches the external AC generator ON based on the current battery capacity.

8- Remote interface: To turn ON and off the inverter remote.

9- Inverter/Charger switch: This turns the system ON/OFF.

10- PV input terminals: which are protected. These protections are PV limit Current, PV short circuit, PV Reverse Polarity, Night Reverse Charging.

11- Is the terminals cover

Models:

 

UPOWER models follow a very simple rule for naming, which is clear in the following picture.

Schematic Diagram for Connections of EPEVER UPOWER Series Inverter/Charger

Figure 2- schematic diagram of connections in UPOWER series

PV array

Absorbs the sun’s power and passes it to the MPPT charge controller to charge the batteries.

Utility

This is the additional AC power source to charge the batteries. When the source is not available, the UPOWER switches to battery power. This utility can be any external source of power in urban applications, while for off-grid systems, an external power generator can provide the energy. The AC output voltage of the UPOWER is in the range of 220-230 VAC. This means that the urban power distribution network with the 220-230 VAC output voltage can be utilized as the direct AC power source for the EPEVER UPOWER. This is called the “bypass function.”

Battery

UPOWER is compatible with various types of batteries, including AGM, Gel, Flooded, etc. However, the charging parameters are fully customizable to meet the charging profile of any kind of batteries.

 

AC load

Any AC consumer is considered as an AC load.

Installation steps

This section includes the installation guideline of the EPEVER UPOWER series inverter/charger.

Step1:Determination of Installation Location and heat-dissipation Space

Determination of installation location: The inverter/charger shall be installed in a place with sufficient airflow through the dissipation pad of the inverter/charger and a minimum clearance of 150 mm from the upper and lower edges of the device to ensure natural thermal convection.

Step 2: Remove the terminal protective cover

Step 3:Wiring

Follow the wiring scheme of UPOWER as described in below picture:

Grounding

Grounding must be applied when the utility is connected to the inverter/charger. The inverter/charger has a dedicated grounding terminal, as shown in picture above. The grounding wire has to stay consistent with the recommended wire for AC output. Grounding point shall be as close as possible to the inverter/charger, the grounding wire shall be as short as possible, and if it’s not possible, its recommended to increase the wire size accordingly.

AC output, Ground and PV wiring terminals

When wiring, do not close the circuit breaker, and it is necessary to use a slotted screwdriver to unscrew the screws for connecting their corresponding wires.

When removing the wirings, first turn the UPOWER off, and then the screws shall be unscrewed by using a slotted screwdriver, so as to dismantle their corresponding wires.

Step 4: Install the terminal protective cover.

 

Step 5:Connect accessory

Connect the remote temperature sensor cable.

Step 6:Recheck if the wire connection is correct

 

Step 7:Power on the inverter/charger

 

Interface Instruction

In this section, we will discuss the interface of the EPEVER UPOWER series. Indicators and buttons on the screen of the inverter/charger are investigated through subsequent tables:

Indicator

Color

Status

Instruction

Green

OFF

No utility input

On Solid

Utility connection normal but no charging

Slowly Flashing(0.5Hz)

Utility charging

Fast Flashing(2.5Hz)

Utility charge module fault

Green

OFF

No PV input

On Solid

PV connection normal but no charging

Slowly Flashing(0.5Hz)

PV charging

Fast Flashing(2.5Hz)

PV charge module fault

Green

OFF

Inverter turns off

On Solid

Inverter turn on Bypass

Slowly Flashing(0.5Hz)

Inverter output

Fast Flashing(2.5Hz)

Inverter fault

Green

OFF

No-load output

On Solid

Load output

Green

OFF

Relay turns off

On Solid

Relay turn on

Green

OFF

Input voltage(3.3~12VDC)

On Solid

No Input voltage

Green

OFF

Inverter output

Slowly Flashing(0.5Hz)

Utility output

Red

OFF

Device normal

On Solid

Device fault

Buttons:

Operation

instruction

  Press the  button

Exit the current interface

  Press the  button and hold on 2s

Clear the faults

  Press the  or  button

Browse interface: Up/Down

Setting interface: Up/Down

  Press the  button

Switch to “Browse Parameter Column” Confirm the setting parameters

  Press the  button and hold on 2s

Switch the” Real-Time Interface” over to “Set Browse Interface”

Switch the “Set Browse Interface” over to “Parameter Setting Interface”

  Press the  button and hold on 2s

Inverter ON/OFF

As mentioned before, one of the prominent characteristics of the UPOWER series is various operating modes. Here we discuss these modes in both input and output parameters. First, we start from the input parameters.

Input priorities:

Solar priority (default)

The battery is charged in solar priority mode, and when the battery voltage is lower than “Auxiliary Module ON Voltage (VAON),” the utility starts charging. When the battery voltage reaches to “Auxiliary Module OFF Voltage (VAOF),” the utility stops charging.

Utility priority

The battery is charged in utility priority mode, and when the battery voltage is lower than “Auxiliary Module ON Voltage (VAON),” the solar starts charging. When the battery voltage reaches to “Auxiliary Module OFF Voltage (VAOF),” the solar stops charging.

 

Utility & solar

 Utility &solar charge the battery means that both utility and solar panels produce energy to charge the battery simultaneously, and the battery will be charged by both power sources.

Solar

In this mode, battery is charged by the solar panel, and utility is not available. The solar panel absorbs the energy and flows it to the battery.

Output Priorities

Battery

Utility (default)

 

As the final section, we discuss the other functions which are available by the UPOWER series inverter/charger.

Output voltage & frequency switch:

When Switch 1 is in “ON”, the output voltage is selected as 230VAC, and on the contrary as 220VAC.

When Switch 2 is in “ON”, the output frequency is selected as 60Hz, and on the contrary as 50Hz.

The switches are illustrated in the figure below.

NOTE: If the output frequency or voltage of the inverter/charger is to be reset, it is required to turn off the inverter/charger and power on the unit after setting.

Technical Specification of EPEVER UPOWER Series Inverter/Charger:

 

Item

UP1000-M3212

UP1000-M3222

UP1500-M3222

UP2000-M3322

UP3000-M3322

UP3000-M6322

System battery voltage

12VDC

24VDC

Battery input voltage range

10.8~16VDC

21.6~32VDC

Inverter Output

Continuous output power

800W

800W

1200W

1600W

2400W

2400W

Output power (15min.)

1000W

1000W

1500W

2000W

3000W

3000W

Overload power(5s)

1600W

1600W

2400W

3200W

4800W

4800W

Max. surge power

2000W

2000W

3000W

4000W

6000W

6000W

Output voltage range

220VAC±3%, 230VAC (-7%~+3%)

Output frequency

50Hz/60Hz

Output wave

Pure Sine Wave

Distortion THD

≤3% (12V or 24V resistive load)

Inverter efficiency

91%

94%

95%

95%

95%

95%

Transfer time

20mS

  Utility Input

Utility input voltage range

160VAC~280VAC(Working voltage range)

 170VAC~270VAC(Utility starting voltage range)

Max. utility charge current

20A

20A

20A

30A

30A

30A

  Solar Charging

Max. PV open circuit voltage

60V★

 46V◆

100V★

92V◆

150V★

 138V◆

Max. PV input power

390W

780W

780W

780W

780W

1500W

Max. PV charging current

30A

30A

30A

30A

30A

60A

Equalization voltage

14.6V

29.2V

Boost voltage

14.4V

28.8V

Float voltage

13.8V

27.6V

Tracking efficiency

≤99.5%

Charging conversion efficiency

≤98%

Temperature compensate coefficient

-3mV/℃/2V (Default)

  Others

No-load consumption

≤1.2A

≤0.6A

≤0.6A

≤0.8A

≤0.8A

≤0.8A

Enclosure

IP30

Relative humidity

< 95% (N.C.)

Working environment temperature

-20℃~50℃(100% input and output)

  Mechanical Parameters

Dimension

386×300×126mm

444×300×126mm

518×310×168mm

Mounting dimension

230mm

Mounting hole size

Φ8mm

Weight

7.3kg

7.3kg

7.4kg

8.5kg

9.2kg

14.9kg

★At minimum operating environment temperature

◆At 25℃ environment temperature

Item

UP3000-M3212

UP3000-M3222

UP5000-M3222

UP5000-M3322

UP5000-M3322

System battery voltage

48VDC

Battery input voltage range

43.2~64VDC

Inverter Output

Continuous output power

2400W

2400W

4000W

4000W

4000W

Output power (15min.)

3000W

3000W

5000W

5000W

5000W

Overload power(5s)

4800W

4800W

8000W

8000W

8000W

Max. surge power

6000W

6000W

10000W

10000W

10000W

Output voltage range

220VAC±3%, 230VAC (-7%~+3%)

Output frequency

50Hz/60Hz

Output wave

Pure Sine Wave

Distortion THD

≤3% (24V or 48V resistive load)

Inverter efficiency

95%

Transfer time

20mS

Utility Input

Utility input voltage range

160VAC~280VAC(Working voltage range)

 170VAC~270VAC(Utility starting voltage range)

Max. utility charge current

15A

15A

30A

30A

30A

Solar Charging

Max. PV open circuit voltage

150V

138V

200V★

 180V◆

Max. PV input power

1040W

3000W

3000W

4000W

5000W

Max. PV charging current

20A

60A

60A

80A

100A

Equalization voltage

58.4V

Boost voltage

57.6V

Float voltage

55.2V

Tracking efficiency

≤99.5%

Charging conversion efficiency

≤98%

Temperature compensate coefficient

-3mV/℃/2V (Default)

Others

No-load consumption

≤0.6A

≤0.6A

≤0.8A

≤0.8A

≤0.8A

Enclosure

IP30

Relative humidity

< 95% (N.C.)

Working environment temperature

-20℃~50℃(100% input and output)

Mechanical Parameters

Dimension

444×300×126mm

518×310×168mm

614×315×178mm

Mounting dimension

230mm

Mounting hole size

Φ8mm

Weight

7.3kg

14.7kg

16.6kg

17.5kg

17.8kg

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

how can we help you?

 Contact us at the EPEVER office nearest to you or submit a message online.